Tesla Model S tire rotation and care tips that can help improve mileage and maximize the life of your tires.
One of the most widely discussed topics among Model S owners is the aggressive wheel alignment setting from the factory. The Tesla Model S has world-class handling that rivals the best performance vehicles, but having this award-winning handling performance comes at the expense of tire longevity.
Wheel alignment is broken down into three major angles of orientation; camber, caster, and toe. These components are fundamental to preserving handling performance and tire tread life, but finding the perfect balance between these dimensions can be a challenge.
The camber angle (degree of difference between the wheels vertical alignment perpendicular to the road) on the Model S is set to an aggressive -2 degrees (factoring in the margin of error) as outlined in the factory wheel alignment chart below. If a wheel is perfectly perpendicular to the surface of contact, its camber would be 0 degrees, but in the case of the Model S, the top of the rear tires are tilted inwards as a way to increase handling characteristics. Heavy cornering would yield more surface contact between tire and road, thereby improving grip.
However, during straight-line acceleration and everyday driving, negative camber reduces surface contact between tire and road – the net effect being a decrease in straight-line performance and additional pressure on the inner tire, which could lead to uneven wear.
Tesla Model S Tire Rotation
Tesla Motors suggests rotating tires every 5,000 miles (8,000 km) and performing an annual wheel alignment. However, many Model S owners have had no ill effects with delaying tire rotation until the 6,000 – 7,000-mile mark.
NOTE: Tire rotation pattern not applicable to Performance Plus Models due to the size difference between the front and rear wheel/tire combination.
|19″ wheels (85 kWh vehicles): Michelin Primacy MXM4||All||P245/45R19 98V|
|19″ wheels (60 kWh vehicles): Standard – Goodyear Eagle RS-A2 Optional – Michelin Primacy MXM4||All||P245/45R19 98V|
|21″ wheels on standard vehicles: Continental ExtremeContact DW||All||P245/35R21 96Y|
|21″ wheels on Performance Plus (P85+) vehicles: Michelin Pilot Sport PS2||Front Rear||P245/35R21 96Y P265/35R21 101Y|
Tips for Maximizing Tire Life
- Regularly inspect the tire tread and sidewalls for signs of abnormal distortion (bulges), cuts or severe tire wear
- Look for tire tread wear indicators which start to appear at the surface of the tread pattern
- Routine tire rotation every 5 – 7k miles
- Keep tires properly inflated (reference the “Tire and Loading Information” label inside the door sill).
- Annual wheel alignment check
- Avoid hitting potholes and curbs
- Avoid frequent fast turning and heavy braking
- Avoid hard acceleration
Tesla Model S Wheel Alignment Values
|Location||Air Suspension||Coil Suspension|
|Camber||-0.75 +/- 0.35||-1.75 +/- 0.35||-.53 +/- 0.35||-1.55 +/- 0.35|
|Camber Split||-0.00 +/- 0.20||-0.00 +/- 0.50||-0.00 +/- 0.20||-0.00 +/- 0.50|
|Caster||4.00 +/- 0.50||n/a||3.70 +/- 0.50||n/a|
|Caster Split||0.00 +/- 0.20||n/a||0.00 +/- 0.20||n/a|
|Single Wheel Toe||OUT 0.05 OUT 0.15 (limit) IN 0.05 (limit)||IN 0.20 +/- 0.05||IN 0.02 OUT 0.08 (limit) IN 0.12 (limit)||IN 0.185 +/- 0.05|
|Thrust Angle||n/a||0.00 +/- 0.30||n/a||0.00 +/- 0.30|
|Suspension Bolt Height (at design)||213.5 +/- 5 mm||Standard models: 144 +/- 5 mm Performance Plus: 151 +/- 5 mm||230 mm (nominal)||158 mm (nominal)|